Requirements - Web Content

Download these requirements as an Excel spreadsheet

  1. Accessibility for all users

    Description

    Ensure that web services can be accessed by all users, including those with disabilities.

    Rationale

    Section 24 of the Disability Discrimination Act makes it unlawful to discriminate, when providing goods and service against another person on the basis of the person's disability.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  2. Comply with WCAG 2.0 Level AA

    Description

    Ensure that web accessible elements of the solution comply with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines set out in WCAG 2.0 Level AA.

    Rationale

    The University has endorsed WCAG 2.0 Level AA as its standard in relation to web content.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  3. Text alternatives

    Description

    Provide text alternatives for any non-text content such as images.

    Rationale

    Allows non-text content to interpreted by assistive technologies, such as Braille readers and speech synthesizers.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  4. Labels for form fields

    Description

    Add labels to form fields.

    Rationale

    Labels need to be explicitly associated with form input fields in order for them to be read by assistive technologies, such as Braille readers and screen readers.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  5. Video captions

    Description

    Provide alternatives for time-based media such as video and audio.

    Rationale

    Users with visual impairments and deafness require audio descriptions, captions and/or transcripts to help them access content contained in video and audio.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  6. Headings and lists

    Description

    Use structural markup such as headings (e.g. <h1> - <h6>) and lists (e.g. <ul> <ol>) to organise content.

    Rationale

    Most screen reader users navigate content using structural mark-up such as heading tags and lists rather than in a linear fashion. Correct structural markup also allows content to be accessed by a wide variety of platforms, including mobile and handheld devices.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  7. Contrast

    Description

    Provide a contrast ratio of 4.5:1 between foreground text and the background.

    Rationale

    All users, particularly those with vision impairments, have trouble reading text if the contrast is insufficient.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  8. Data table headings

    Description

    Add column and row headings (e.g. <th>) to data tables.

    Rationale

    Screen reader users have difficulty navigating data tables if columns and rows are not given headings.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  9. Increased text size

    Description

    Ensure that all pages are readable and functional when text size is increased by up to 200%.

    Rationale

    Users with vision impairments often have to increase the text size in order to be able to read content.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  10. Keyboard

    Description

    Make all functionality available via the keyboard.

    Rationale

    40% of people with a motor impairment have difficulty using their hands. Many have trouble using mice because of limited hand-eye co-ordination, trouble finding a pointer or hand tremors.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  11. Sufficient time

    Description

    Provide users with enough time to read and use content.

    Rationale

    Many users with disabilities take longer to find things, read things and physically respond to events.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  12. Avoid seizures

    Description

    Do not design content in a way that is known to cause seizures.

    Rationale

    Users with photosensitive seizure disorders can have a seizure triggered by content that flashes at certain frequencies for more than a few flashes.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  13. Consistent navigation

    Description

    Help users navigate, find content and determine where they are via consistent navigation, headings and links.

    Rationale

    Consistent navigation makes it easier for all users to keep track of their location, particularly those with memory or reading problems.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  14. Language identification

    Description

    Identify the human language of the page (e.g. English).

    Rationale

    Both assistive technologies and conventional user agents can render text more accurately when the language of the web page is identified.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  15. Consistent content order

    Description

    Present content in a consistent order from page to page and make the behaviour of interactive components predictable.

    Rationale

    The synthetic speech of screen readers makes it difficult for users to understand spatial relationships and users with cognitive limitations become confused if components appear in different places on different pages.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  16. Labels, cues and instructions

    Description

    Provide sufficient labels, cues and instructions for users when completing forms.

    Rationale

    Everyone makes mistakes. However some people have more difficulty creating error-free input and detecting that they have made an error.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  17. Meaningful link titles

    Description

    Avoid 'click here' links.

    Rationale

    Both search engines and screen readers commonly navigate pages by looking at link text.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  18. Page titles

    Description

    Add meaningful page titles.

    Rationale

    Users of voice synthesizers and Braille readers rely on page titles to identify pages when they have multiple pages open.

    Priority

    Mandatory

  19. Javascript

    Description

    Ensure that changes to the page via Javascript are reported to adaptive technologies.

    Rationale

    Changes to page layout caused via Javascript are often are not reported to assistive technologies

    Priority

    Mandatory

Contact Us

For assistance or to report accessibility problems please contact:

Andrew Normand
Web Accessibility Lead
Email: anormand@unimelb.edu.au
Phone: +61 3 9035 4867